Christian Bueger

New article discusses maritime security architecture in the Western Indian Ocean

rusi20-v161-i05-coverIn a new article, published in The RUSI Journal and co-authored with Jan Stockbruegger, we discuss the post-2016 situation in the Western Indian Ocean. Reviewing the current environment, characterized by the decline of piracy and the persistence of maritime insecurity, we argue for the importance of developing a better designed regional maritime security architecture. The article is available here.

Visit to the University of the Seychelles

uniseyIn the first week of December, I will be visiting the University of the Seychelles. The university has recently appointed me as an Honorary Fellow and meetings concern the development of the University’s Sir James Mancham International Centre for Peace Studies and Diplomacy. I am also scheduled to meet the team of the chairmanship of the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, and as part of my new project SafeSeas study the maritime security sector reform in the country.

New draft paper discusses concept of blue economy

In a new draft paper written for the edited volume “Concepts in Action/at Work: On the Meaning of Concepts in International Politics”, edited by Piki Ish-Shalom, I discuss the rise of the concept of “blue economy”. Blending an empirical reconstruction of different forms of using the concept as a tool for advancing political projects, I argue for basing concept analysis on practice theoretical foundations. The draft is available via my academia page at this link. As usually I am delighted for any comments and suggestions.

SafeSeas: New project funded by British Academy will study maritime security capacity building

My new research project titled SafeSeas has received funding for the next 18 months by the British Academy. SafeSeas is a pilot project that studies lessons from maritime security capacity building in the Horn of Africa. The project compares the ongoing efforts to restructure the maritime security sector in four countries (Djibouti, Kenya, Seychelles, and Somalia). The objective is to develop key guidelines and best practices for the programming and implementation of maritime security capacity building and maritime security sector reform. Although maritime capacity building has been done in limited forms for decades by international navies and the International Maritime Organization, it is generally considered as a new field of international activity. The project has four aims:

  • to increase our understanding of challenges and effects of MSSR
  • to transfer lessons from other fields of capacity building to the maritime
  • to develop a methodology for mapping national maritime security sectors
  • to identify best practices, gaps and shortcomings in the delivery of capacity building
SafeSeas is funded by the British Academy and part of the UK’s Global Challenges Research Fund initiative to strengthen development through research. I will run the project in collaboration with Professor Tim Edmunds of the University of Bristol. 

Visit to Xiamen

me-giving-a-talkFollowing up on our last years stay, I was visiting Xiamen University (XMU) again from the 8th to 11th of November. In the meantime, Cardiff University is about to sign a formal partnership agreement with XMU and I was part of a departmental delegation which further explores avenues of collaboration in teaching and research. They stay was a great opportunity to catch up with colleagues at XMU and to discuss the current state of international relations and maritime research in China. I also gave a talk, which based on a joint paper written with Tim Edmunds. In the paper, we develop the concept of pragmatic orders and study how ocean governance has become quite substantially transformed through informalization and experimentation. Contact me if you are interested in the paper, which is currently under review.

Special Issue on Practice Theory and Europe published

untitledThe special issue “European Diplomatic Practices: Contemporary Challenges and Innovative Approaches” edited by Federica Bicchi and Niklas Bremberg has just come out with the journal European Security. The intent of the special issue is to showcase how practice theory can provide new insights on European foreign and security policy. In my own contribution, I draw on practice theory to explore how the question of European agency can be reconceptualized. I draw on the examples of the EU’s role in counter-piracy. Here is the abstract:

The practice turn provides new avenues for core questions of international relations and European Studies. This article draws on a practice theoretical account to shed new light on the constitution of agency in global politics. An understanding of agency as achievement that requires significant practical work and the participation in international fields of practice is developed. Drawing on the case of the field of counter-piracy practice and the European Union’s (EU’s) work to counter piracy off the coast of Somalia, it is shown how the EU achieved the position as a core actor in the field. A detailed discussion of the EU’s work in interrupting and knowing piracy, in building capacity, and in governing piracy is provided.

Borrowed truths: Symposium in Cardiff

What determines who is an expert and heard and which factors shape the dialogue between academia and policy worlds? Those are some of the questions explored at a one-day symposium, I am attending on the 27th of October. The symposium is titled “Borrowed truths: transfers of Expertise and Evidence across science, justice, and politics” and is held at Cardiff University and organized by Dr. Berit Bliesemann de Guevara and Dr. Aimee Grant. Other speakers include Dr. Inanna Hamati-Ataya, Dr.Robert Evans, Dr. Yvonne McDermott Rees, Prof Mark Drakeford, Daran Hill and Prof Harry Collins.

In my presentation I will draw on a forthcoming book chapter in which I discuss the role of expertise in counter-piracy governance.

“Security Expertise”: Now in paperback

security expertiseOur edited volume “Security Expertise: Practice, Power, Responsibility” is now available in paperback. Published last year the book explores the role and functions of experts in security politics. The book argues for a strengthened dialogue between Science and Technology Studies and Security Studies and offers a range of empirical explorations of experts in security politics. Three chapters by Robert Evans, Gil Eyal and Tom Osborne set the scene in outlining different ways of conceptualizing experts and expertise. The chapters by Ole Waever and James McGann discuss the field of security and the knowledge it produces. This is followed by chapters by Judith Reppy, Saul Halfon, Lisa Stampnitzky, Hugh Gusterson, Richard Jackson, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen, and Piki Ish Shalom which reflect on core questions of expertise in the light of empirical issues such as human security, terrorism, civil-military relations, or the human terrain project.

Developing and Securing Africa’s seas: How the EU should support good ocean governance after the Lome summit

In the last decade, the strategic importance of the oceans has been quite fundamentally re-evaluated. Discussions on the blue economy have shown the substantial promises of ocean resources for economic development and growth, the importance of which was also emphasized in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. But the oceans are also the source of significant insecurities. The thriving maritime security discourse has forcefully shown this. Scholars have observed the detrimental effects of problems such as piracy in East and West Africa, trafficking of people in the Mediterranean, fishery crimes or the trafficking of narcotics and other illicit goods. The dangers of the sea and the promises for economic prospect have gained particular attention on the African continent.

The African Union adopted in 2014 the African Integrated Maritime Strategy 2050 to provide joint direction and the basis for a cooperative approach to managing blue growth and maritime security on the continent. At a major African Union summit taking place this week in Lomé, Africa’s leaders will adopt a legally binding charter. In the charter, they commit themselves to make more efforts in tackling maritime crime, to share information and build the infrastructure for harvesting ocean resources sustainably.  Continue reading